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ERIC Number: EJ803200
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-0829-5735
Predictors and Consequences of Grade Retention: Examining Data from Manitoba, Canada
Guevremont, Anne; Roos, Noralou P.; Brownell, Marni
Canadian Journal of School Psychology, v22 n1 p50-67 2007
Data from a population-based repository in Manitoba showed that students who are male, young for grade, and in Grades 1, 2, 7, and 8 were the most likely to be retained. After controlling for key student factors including socioeconomic status, school changes, and key school characteristics including stability of the student body, retention was a strong predictor of high school withdrawal rates. The odds of student withdrawal were 3 times higher for students who have been retained once and almost 8 times higher for students who had been retained more than once. Not only do withdrawal rates suggest that retention is potentially harmful, but also Grade 3 standards test results taken in consecutive years by retained students indicate that only one in four retained students improve their score. These results generally replicate the research done in the United States. (Contains 5 tables and 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada