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ERIC Number: EJ803198
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 17
ISSN: ISSN-0829-5735
Patterns of Cognitive Functioning in a Clinic-Referred Sample of Preschool Children
Koushik, Nikhil S.; Saunders, Cory D.; Rourke, Byron P.
Canadian Journal of School Psychology, v22 n1 p94-107 2007
This study examined patterns of performance on the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R) and the relationship of these patterns to diagnoses of behavioural problems. The sample consisted of 108 children between age 3 and 7 years inclusive who had been referred to a day-treatment program for a wide variety of psychological difficulties. All children had Full Scale IQ scores between 50 and 130. Two-stage cluster analysis identified five reliable subtypes. Three of these were differentiated primarily by level of performance (low, average, and high). The other two were differentiated primarily by pattern of performance: one characterized by nonverbal deficits and the other by verbal deficits. Findings also revealed that the children's previous diagnoses were relatively consistent with their patterns of performance on the WPPSI-R. The significance of these findings in relation to previous research in this area is discussed, and suggestions for future investigations are formulated. (Contains 1 figure and 3 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence