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ERIC Number: EJ802279
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0818-8068
Update on National University Stress Study
Winefield, Tony; Boyd, Carolyn; Saebel, Judith; Pignato, Silvia
Australian Universities' Review, v50 n1 p20-29 Mar 2008
In 2003/4, 13 Australian universities took part in a follow-up survey of occupational stress following an earlier one conducted in 2000. More than 6000 staff participated at each time, of whom 969 (stayers) participated at both times. This paper presents the cross-sectional data obtained on both occasions as well as the longitudinal data provided by the stayers. Overall, the cross-sectional data from all participants showed some encouraging improvements. For example, there were increases in organisational commitment, job involvement, job autonomy, procedural fairness, and trust in senior management, as well as decreases in work pressure and job insecurity. However, there were also increases in psychological strain and work-home conflict. Longitudinal results from the stayers showed a similar pattern. These participants also showed increases in job involvement, job autonomy, belief in procedural fairness, and trust in senior management, and a decrease in job insecurity, together with increased work-home conflict and increased psychological strain. However, they did not show improvements in organisational commitment or work pressure, and also reported reduced job satisfaction. Attrition analyses revealed some Time 1 differences between the stayers and dropouts that might explain the discrepant findings. Neither the cross-sectional nor longitudinal changes were uniform across all universities, or all categories of staff. The improvements were more marked for general than for academic staff, and for female than for male staff. Regression analyses found that the best predictors of organisational commitment were job satisfaction and trust in senior management; the best predictors of trust in senior management were procedural fairness and organisational commitment; and the best predictor of job satisfaction was procedural fairness. Interestingly, the only significant predictor of psychological strain was neuroticism. The next stage of the research is to try to find out what interventions were introduced at each university and to link them to the observed improvements. (Contains 8 tables.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia