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ERIC Number: EJ801374
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-0309-0590
Can Performance-Related Learning Outcomes Have Standards?
Brockmann, Michaela; Clarke, Linda; Winch, Christopher
Journal of European Industrial Training, v32 n2-3 p99-113 2008
Purpose: This paper aims to explain the distinction between educational standards and learning outcomes and to indicate the problems that potentially arise when a learning outcomes approach is applied to a qualification meta-framework like the European Qualification Framework, or indeed to national qualification frameworks. Design/methodology/approach: The methods used are documentary, political and conceptual analysis, with some reference to empirical work carried out in relation to other projects. Findings: It is found that there are substantial differences between learning outcomes and standards with large educational and political implications. Furthermore, the "pure" form of learning outcomes approach contains a design flaw, which makes its coherent implementation problematic. Research limitations/implications: The stimulation of further research on learning outcomes based approaches to qualifications and the problems that arise in their implementation. Practical implications: The EU needs to think carefully about the fitness for purpose of the current descriptors for EQF and whether or not it is desirable to move away from a pure outcome-based approach to qualification frameworks and meta-frameworks. Originality/value: As far as the authors are aware, this is the first paper to draw attention to this distinction. (Contains 1 table and 4 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A