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ERIC Number: EJ800919
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Gender-Based Employment and Income Differences in Urban China: Considering the Contributions of Marriage and Parenthood
Zhang, Yuping; Hannum, Emily; Wang, Meiyan
Social Forces, v86 n4 p1529-1560 Jun 2008
Previous research on China's labor market gender gaps has emphasized the human and political capital disadvantages of women and new discrimination in the reform era. Analyzing the China Urban Labor Survey/China Adult Literacy Survey, this paper shows that while women are significantly disadvantaged by various measures of human and political capital, these disadvantages explain little of the observed gender gaps in employment status and earnings. Instead, gender gaps in employment and earnings are strongly related to family status. It is only married women and mothers who face significant disadvantages. This finding is likely tied to the fact that wives and mothers spend much more time than husbands and fathers doing household chores, even net of controls for potential earnings. These results suggest that research on gender disparities in urban China would be complemented by additional attention to family-work conflict, a topic which looms large in research on gender and labor in most other countries. (Contains 7 tables and 8 notes.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China