ERIC Number: EJ800486
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Academic Optimism and Student Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools
Smith, Page A.; Hoy, Wayne K.
Journal of Educational Administration, v45 n5 p556-568 2007
Purpose: The aim of this study was two-fold: to demonstrate a general construct of schools called academic optimism and to show it was related to student achievement in urban elementary schools, even controlling for socioeconomic factors, and school size. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from 99 urban elementary schools in Texas and multiple regression and factor analyses were used to test a series of hypotheses guiding the inquiry. Findings: The major hypotheses of the study were supported; academic optimism was a second-order construct comprised of collective efficacy, faculty trust, and academic optimism. Moreover, academic optimism is a school characteristic that predicts student achievement even controlling for socioeconomic status. Practical implications: The results support Bandura's social cognitive theory, Coleman's social capital theory, Hoy and Tarter's work on organizational climate, and demonstrate the existence of a cultural property of schools called academic optimism. Further, the findings have practical implications for developing strategies to improve the academic performance of urban schools. Originality/value: The findings demonstrate the existence of a new collective construct, academic optimism, which has the potential to help improve the effectiveness of schools. (Contains 5 tables.)
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Elementary Schools, Academic Achievement, School Size, Organizational Climate, Social Capital, Epistemology, Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Influences, Institutional Characteristics, Educational Environment, Trust (Psychology), Collegiality, Social Theories
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas