ERIC Number: EJ800486
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Academic Optimism and Student Achievement in Urban Elementary Schools
Smith, Page A.; Hoy, Wayne K.
Journal of Educational Administration, v45 n5 p556-568 2007
Purpose: The aim of this study was two-fold: to demonstrate a general construct of schools called academic optimism and to show it was related to student achievement in urban elementary schools, even controlling for socioeconomic factors, and school size. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected from 99 urban elementary schools in Texas and multiple regression and factor analyses were used to test a series of hypotheses guiding the inquiry. Findings: The major hypotheses of the study were supported; academic optimism was a second-order construct comprised of collective efficacy, faculty trust, and academic optimism. Moreover, academic optimism is a school characteristic that predicts student achievement even controlling for socioeconomic status. Practical implications: The results support Bandura's social cognitive theory, Coleman's social capital theory, Hoy and Tarter's work on organizational climate, and demonstrate the existence of a cultural property of schools called academic optimism. Further, the findings have practical implications for developing strategies to improve the academic performance of urban schools. Originality/value: The findings demonstrate the existence of a new collective construct, academic optimism, which has the potential to help improve the effectiveness of schools. (Contains 5 tables.)
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Elementary Schools, Academic Achievement, School Size, Organizational Climate, Social Capital, Epistemology, Personality Traits, Socioeconomic Influences, Institutional Characteristics, Educational Environment, Trust (Psychology), Collegiality, Social Theories
Emerald. 875 Massachusetts Avenue 7th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02139. Tel: 888-622-0075; Fax: 617-354-6875; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: www.emeraldinsight.com.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas