NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ800403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0951-354X
Rethinking School and Community Relations in Hong Kong
Tam, Frank Wai-ming
International Journal of Educational Management, v21 n4 p350-366 2007
Purpose: The purpose of this research is to look at the development of schools in their communities and the tension within it. Existing theories in social development and school administration suggest that community is a place where individuals construct identity, and that a school needs to form partnerships with its community, so that together, they work to improve educational effectiveness. However, current education policies have forced schools to compete among each other for survival in the community. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method is employed, and the sample is two subsidized schools in Hong Kong, one primary and one secondary. Findings: Findings in the present study suggest that there exists a tension between schools and their community. Pressure to survive has forced schools to try various means to promote their image in order to attract students. This pressure has also forced schools to change from their detached attitude towards the community, to a concern about how to develop productive relations with it. Research limitations/implications: This paper provides a conceptual framework for the sustainable development of schools. Practical implications: School administration needs to give balanced attention to two needs--an internal need for program differentiation and an external need for integration into the larger community. These two needs can be mutually enhancing. Originality/value: This paper provides empirical evidence to a framework of school development which involves the external community as a critical factor. (Contains 1 table.)
Emerald. 875 Massachusetts Avenue 7th Floor, Cambridge, MA 02139. Tel: 888-622-0075; Fax: 617-354-6875; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong