NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ800322
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1712-851X
Scientific Journals as Fossil Traces of Sweeping Change in the Structure and Practice of Modern Geology
Fratesi, Sarah E.; Vacher, H. L.
Journal of Research Practice, v4 n1 article M1 2008
In our attempts to track changes in geological practice over time and to isolate the source of these changes, we have found that they are largely connected with the germination of new geologic subdisciplines. We use keyword and title data from articles in 68 geology journals to track the changes in influence of each subdiscipline on geology over all. Geological research has shifted emphasis over the study period, moving away from economic geology and petroleum geology, towards physics- and chemistry-based topics. The Apollo lunar landings had as much influence on the topics and practice of geological research as the much-cited plate-tectonics revolution. These results reflect the barely-tangible effects of the changes in vocabulary and habit of thought that have pervaded the substance of geology. Geological literature has increased in volume and specialization, resulting in a highly fragmentary literature. However, we infer that "big science," characterized by large amounts of funding, collaboration, and large logistical investments, makes use of this specialization and turns "twigging" into a phenomenon that enhances, rather than inhibits, the enterprise of research. (Contains 1 table and 4 figures.)
Athabasca University Press. 1200, 10011 - 109 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T5J 3S8, Canada. Tel: 780-497-3412; Fax: 780-421-3298; e-mail: aupress@athabascau.ca; Web site: http://www.aupress.ca
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A