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ERIC Number: EJ800234
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1937-0814
Contributions of Middle Grade Students to the Validation Process of a National Science Assessment Study
Morell, Linda
Middle Grades Research Journal, v3 n1 p1-22 Spr 2008
This study used a national validity project to investigate specific research questions regarding the intersections among aspects of validity, educational measurement, and cognitive theory. Validity evidence was collected through traditional paper and pencil tests, surveys, think-alouds, and exit interviews of fifth and sixth grade students, as well as interviews with teachers and science experts. Eight teachers, four science experts, and 230 middle grade students participated in the study. Results of the study suggest that fifth and sixth grade students can contribute to the validity argument beyond the role of a test-taker. Evidence supports the claim that fifth and sixth grade students can accurately determine both the difficulty [r(12) = 0.886, p less than 0.000] and fairness [r(12) = 0.615, p = 0.033] of test items. Evidence suggests that students can identify content taught in class but not covered on the test [kappa.c (32) = 0.773, p less than 0.000]. (Contains 1 figure and 5 tables.)
Institute for School Improvement, Missouri State University. 901 South National Avenue, Springfield, MO 65897. Tel: 417-836-8854; Fax: 417-836-8881; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Grade 6; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A