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ERIC Number: EJ799702
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-0198-7429
Sound-Field Amplification to Increase Compliance to Directions in Students with ADHD
Maag, John W.; Anderson, Jean M.
Behavioral Disorders, v32 n4 p238-253 Aug 2007
This study determined the effects of sound-field amplification (SFA) on the speed with which students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) followed teacher directions. A multiple baseline design was used with 3 elementary-aged students with ADHD to assess the effects of SFA across 4 types of directions: (a) task demand (e.g., get out your math book); (b) high preference activity (e.g., line up for recess); (c) alpha commands (clear, direct, specific instructions); and (d) beta commands (vague multiple instructions given simultaneously). The speed with which all participants followed all 4 types of directions increased. Implications for this easy, relatively inexpensive device as well as areas for future research are discussed. (Contains 4 tables and 3 figures.)
Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders. Council for Exceptional Children, 1110 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201-5704. Tel: 612-276-0140; Fax: 612-276-0142; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A