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ERIC Number: EJ799392
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-0360-1277
Memory Self-Efficacy, Aging, and Memory Performance: The Roles of Effort and Persistence
Wells, Gregory D.; Esopenko, Carrie
Educational Gerontology, v34 n6 p520-530 Jun 2008
The relative importance of mental effort, as indicated by strategy use, and persistence as potential mediators of the memory self-efficacy (MSE)/memory performance relationship was investigated within a sample of 26 adults aged 65 years and older. It was found that persistence but not strategy use was predictive of performance on a free-recall task. Age-related declines were found in persistence, performance, and MSE but not in strategy use. Counter to expectation, neither strategy use nor persistence was significantly related to a global measure of MSE. These results highlight the importance in MSE research of distinguishing mental effort and persistence, of task-specific measures of MSE, and of considering age-related changes within the elderly population. Implications for MSE intervention programs are briefly discussed. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A