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ERIC Number: EJ799371
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-0158-7919
Understanding Social Presence in Text-Based Online Learning Environments
Kehrwald, Benjamin
Distance Education, v29 n1 p89-106 May 2008
This article reports on key aspects of a theory generative study into social presence in text-based online learning environments. The focus of the article is the nature of social presence as experienced by online learners in those environments. Employing a collective case study design, the study accessed online learners' experience-based heuristic knowledge through a multi-phase dialogical process which functioned as an extended interview. Among the key findings was (a) a definition of social presence drawn from learners' experiences; (b) explication of the nature of social presence in online learning environments; (c) suggestions for the creation and sustenance of social presence in those environments; and (d) support for a relational view of social presence which emphasizes human agency in mediated social processes and foreshadows a role for social presence as a critical element of online learning environments. (Contains 1 note.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia