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ERIC Number: EJ799347
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0924-3453
Improving Schools through Reflection for Teachers: Lessons from Singapore
Tan, Charlene
School Effectiveness and School Improvement, v19 n2 p225-238 Jun 2008
Using Singapore as an illustrative case study, this paper discusses the attempts by the Singapore government to improve schools through reflection for teachers. The paper points out that the conception of reflection advocated by the state and practised in schools is explicit and systematic in nature and focuses on specific and proximate matters within the academic and social efficiency traditions. Arguing that such a conception of reflection is inadequate in enabling and empowering teachers to become creators of new knowledge and practices, the paper proposes an expanded conception of reflection based on the ideas of McLaughlin (1999) and Zeichner and Liston (1996). Given the international trend towards reflective practice in schools, the Singapore experience offers useful lessons on the promises and pitfalls of reflection for teachers.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore