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ERIC Number: EJ799251
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Processing Polarity: How the Ungrammatical Intrudes on the Grammatical
Vasishth, Shravan; Brussow, Sven; Lewis, Richard L.; Drenhaus, Heiner
Cognitive Science, v32 n4 p685-712 Jun 2008
A central question in online human sentence comprehension is, "How are linguistic relations established between different parts of a sentence?" Previous work has shown that this dependency resolution process can be computationally expensive, but the underlying reasons for this are still unclear. This article argues that dependency resolution is mediated by cue-based retrieval, constrained by independently motivated working memory principles defined in a cognitive architecture. To demonstrate this, this article investigates an unusual instance of dependency resolution, the processing of negative and positive polarity items, and confirms a surprising prediction of the cue-based retrieval model: Partial-cue matches--which constitute a kind of similarity-based interference--can give rise to the intrusion of ungrammatical retrieval candidates, leading to both processing slow-downs and even errors of judgment that take the form of illusions of grammaticality in patently ungrammatical structures. A notable achievement is that good quantitative fits are achieved without adjusting the key model parameters. (Contains 5 tables, 4 figures, and 3 notes.)
Lawrence Erlbaum. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany