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ERIC Number: EJ799137
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-1366-8250
Akathisia in Adults with Severe and Profound Intellectual Disability: A Psychometric Study of the MEDS and ARMS
Garcia, Mark J.; Matson, Johnny L.
Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, v33 n2 p171-176 Jun 2008
Background: This study assessed the psychometrics of two measures--the "Matson Evaluation of Drug Side-effects" (MEDS) and the "Akathisia Ratings of Movement Scale" (ARMS)--and examined the symptom profile of akathisia in a sample of people with intellectual disability (ID). Method: Sixty-six participants formed three groups of 22 individuals, matched on age, race, sex, and level of ID. The sample comprised Group 1: individuals with no antipsychotic drug use and no diagnosis of akathisia ("control group"); Group 2: individuals taking antipsychotics and with no diagnosis of akathisia ("no akathisia group"); and Group 3: individuals taking antipsychotics and with a diagnosis of akathisia ("akathisia group"). Results: Both measures indicated the presence of akathisia in those individuals with a diagnosis of akathisia, while the two groups without a diagnosis of akathisia did not qualify for a diagnosis of akathisia on either scale. Interestingly, item analysis of the MEDS and ARMS tended to identify different symptoms of akathisia and were moderately correlated. Conclusions: The data appear to suggest that both measures have merit, that they are complementary, and that they should be used together when assessing akathisia in individuals with ID. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Louisiana