ERIC Number: EJ799072
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Frequency of HIV Testing among Persons with Disabilities: Results from the National Health Interview Survey, 2002
Neri, Steven V.; Bradley, Elizabeth H.; Groce, Nora E.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v19 n6 p545-554 Dec 2007
We examined rates of HIV testing of persons with disabilities relative to HIV testing rates of people without disabilities in the United States. Using data from the 2002 NHIS we examined the association between self-reported disability and having ever been tested for HIV. Adults with disability were more likely than nondisabled adults to report having been tested (odds ratio [OR] = 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.33, 1.84). However, this association differed by dis- ability. Individuals with mental health or physical disabilities were more likely to report having been tested (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 1.32, 2.03 and OR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.18, 1.91, respectively); individuals with intellectual disability were least likely to report having been tested (OR = 0.27; 95% CI = 0.09, 0.84). Findings were not statistically significant within the sensory or multiple disability categories. Findings may reflect factors unique to disabled populations, including increased risk of certain HIV risk factors. Targeted outreach and provider education are needed to ensure individuals with intellectual disability receive appropriate counseling and testing.
Descriptors: Testing, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Incidence, Differences, Disabilities, Mental Disorders, Physical Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Risk
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A