ERIC Number: EJ799055
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Prototypical Images in Condom Scripts among AIDS-Bereaved Adolescents
Reich, Warren A.; Rubin, Rachel M.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v19 n1 p82-94 Feb 2007
Twenty-five HIV-negative late adolescents (13 women and 12 men) who had lost a parent to AIDS generated vignettes in which the characters were deciding whether to use a condom (condom scripts). Two clinically trained judges rated the interpersonal tone of the condom scripts on 17 semantic differential scales. Three other clinically trained raters described script characters' attributes by selecting from a list of 36 terms. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and individual differences hierarchical classes analyses (INDCLAS) were used to inductively derive a typology of condom scripts. Two dimensions emerged from MDS analysis: incompatibility and inequality. Condom scripts culminating in unprotected sex depicted situations in which partners held unequal influence. INDCLAS results suggested a prototype for equal-influence condom scripts--excited male and assertive, powerful female--and for unequal-influence (unprotected sex) condom scripts--powerful, disengaged male and permissive female. These results inform the development of theoretical models and HIV prevention program materials.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Scripts, Models, Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Adolescents, Semantic Differential, Multidimensional Scaling, Contraception, Evaluators, Individual Differences, Evaluation Methods, Personality, Health Education
Guilford Press. 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012. Tel: 800-365-7006; Tel: 212-431-9800; Fax: 212-966-6708; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.guilford.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A