ERIC Number: EJ799052
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Theory-Based Predictors of Condom Use among University Students in the United States and South Africa
Heeren, G. Anita; Jemmott, John B., III; Mandeya, Andrew; Tyler, Joanne C.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v19 n1 p1-12 Feb 2007
This study compared the predictive value of the theory of planned behavior in university students in South Africa (N = 251) and the United States (N = 160) who completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses revealed that condom use and intention were significantly predicted by positive condom attitude, subjective norm, self-efficacy, and attending university in South Africa. Significant interactions between country and predictors indicated that subjective norm predicted condom use and intention more strongly in the American sample than in the South African sample; attitude predicted intention more strongly in the American sample than in the South African sample; but self-efficacy predicted intention more strongly in the South African sample than in the American sample. The theory of planned behavior may provide a useful framework for interventions to reduce South African students' risk of HIV/and sexuality transmitted diseases. Such interventions should especially focus on building self-efficacy to use condoms.
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Intention, Statistical Data, Foreign Countries, Self Efficacy, Sexuality, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Contraception, Questionnaires, Risk, Intervention, Guidelines, Student Attitudes, Health Behavior, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa; United States