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ERIC Number: EJ798900
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Social and Physical Environmental Factors and Child Overweight in a Sample of American and Czech School-Aged Children: A Pilot Study
Humenikova, Lenka; Gates, Gail E.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v40 n4 p251-257 Jul-Aug 2008
Objective: To compare environmental factors that influence body mass index for age (BMI-for-age) between a sample of American and Czech school-aged children. Design: Pilot study. A parent questionnaire and school visits were used to collect data from parents and children. Setting: Public schools in 1 American and 2 Czech cities. Participants: Forty-five American and 97 Czech 4th- through 6th-graders and their parents. Variables Measured: Parenting style, food socialization and preparation practices, healthful food availability, and children's BMI-for-age were measured. Analysis: Factors from the parental scales were derived using factor analysis. Independent t tests compared environmental factors between American and Czech families. A regression model was used to identify environmental variables associated with BMI-for-age. Results: American parents used authoritative parenting style and positive food socialization practices more often than Czech parents (P less than 0.001). Availability of healthful food and parental involvement in food preparation were higher (P less than 0.001) in Czech households. Positive encouraging socialization practices, less frequent use of negative explanations, and a greater availability of vegetables were associated with lower BMI-for-age in the Czech sample of children. Conclusions and Implications: A future study should focus on identifying environmental factors that influence children's BMI-for-age with a large sample of Czech and American parents and their school-aged children. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czechoslovakia; United States