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ERIC Number: EJ798656
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Albert Shanker and the Future of Teacher Unions
Kahlenberg, Richard D.
Phi Delta Kappan, v89 n10 p712-720 Jun 2008
"Tough Liberal," a book penned by the author of this article, traces the life of Albert Shanker (1928-1997) chronologically from birth to death. Shanker was the longtime head of the United Federation of Teachers (UFT) in New York City (1964-1986) and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) nationally (1974-1997). "Tough Liberal" recounts the major contributions of Shanker to the American education as the founding father of teacher unionism, as an education reformer, and as a tough liberal. In this article, the author begins by reviewing the major themes of "Tough Liberal." Then he outlines the reactions to the book and his response to those reactions. Finally, the author speculates about what these discussions might say about the future of teacher unionism and education reform. (Contains 6 footnotes.)
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-1789. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A