ERIC Number: EJ798181
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Do Job Corps Performance Measures Track Program Impacts?
Schochet, Peter Z.; Burghardt, John A.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v27 n3 p556-576 Sum 2008
Since the 1993 Government Performance and Results Act, performance measurement systems based on short-term program outcomes have been increasingly used to assess the effectiveness of federal programs. This paper examines the association between program performance measures and long-term program impacts, using nine-year follow-up data from a recent large-scale, national experimental evaluation of Job Corps, the nation's largest federal job training program for disadvantaged youths. Job Corps is an important test case because it uses a comprehensive performance system that is widely emulated. We find that impacts on key outcomes are not associated with measured center performance levels. Participants in higher-performing centers had better outcomes; however, the same pattern holds for comparable controls. Thus, the performance measurement system is not achieving the goal of ranking and rewarding centers on the basis of their ability to improve participant outcomes relative to what these outcomes would have been otherwise. (Contains 3 tables, 3 figures and 9 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Measurement, Disadvantaged Youth, Performance Based Assessment, Longitudinal Studies, Compliance (Legal), Context Effect
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Government Performance and Results Act 1993