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ERIC Number: EJ798108
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 21
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 78
ISSN: ISSN-0011-1287
The Recent Past and near Future of Risk and/or Need Assessment
Andrews, D. A.; Bonta, James; Wormith, J. Stephen
Crime & Delinquency, v52 n1 p7-27 2006
The history of risk assessment in criminal justice has been written on several occasions. In this article, the authors assess progress since Andrews, Bonta, and Hoge's statement of the human service principles of risk-need-responsivity (RNR) and professional discretion. The review is conducted in the context of the advent of the fourth generation of offender assessment. To begin, the authors note that theoretical, empirical, and applied progress within the psychology of criminal conduct (PCC) has been nothing less than revolutionary. Second, this article takes a brief look at clinical judgment (1G) with a nod to structured clinical judgment, notes a new energy in 2G actuarial instruments, and a renewed appreciation of the assessment of change (3G). Third, the challenge faced by forensic mental health approaches from general correctional instruments, even within mental health samples, is reviewed. Fourth, the widely known principles of effective service for offenders are supplemented by additional principles derived from meta-analytic evidence. Finally, this article closes with a discussion of some negative evaluations of RNR and the challenges that feminist, critical criminological perspectives and humanistic perspectives present to the future of risk and/or need assessment. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A