ERIC Number: EJ798077
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 83
The Effect of the Threat of Legal Sanction on Program Retention and Completion: Is that Why They Stay in Drug Court?
Hepburn, John R.; Harvey, Angela N.
Crime & Delinquency, v53 n2 p255-280 2007
Drug courts routinely rely on the threat of legal sanction to motivate drug-using criminal offenders to enter and complete community-based treatment programs. In light of the high failure rates among drug court participants, what is the effect of the threat of legal sanction on program retention and completion? A quasiexperimental research design was used to study program retention and completion within two adult drug courts that employed the same staff to administer identical treatment and supervision programs in the same jurisdiction. One court relied on a 120-day suspended sentence to coerce program participation, whereas the other court was prohibited by law from imposing a jail sentence on its participants. Using alternative measures of program retention, a single measure of program completion, and controls for salient sociodemographic and criminal history factors, the analysis found no differences in program retention or completion between the two courts. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
Descriptors: Sanctions, Criminals, Substance Abuse, Quasiexperimental Design, Criminal Law, Law Enforcement, Recidivism, Critical Incidents Method, Policy Analysis, Negative Reinforcement, Dropout Rate, Compliance (Legal), Court Litigation, Maximum Likelihood Statistics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona