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ERIC Number: EJ798067
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 95
ISSN: ISSN-0011-1287
Self-Control, Native Traditionalism, and Native American Substance Use: Testing the Cultural Invariance of a General Theory of Crime
Morris, Gregory D.; Wood, Peter B.; Dunaway, R. Gregory
Crime & Delinquency, v52 n4 p572-598 2006
Using a sample of White and Native American high school students, the authors provide a test of (a) self-control theory's invariance thesis and (b) native traditionalism as an explanation of Native American substance use. Self-control significantly influenced all forms of substance use when controlling for race and in race-specific analyses. However, "z" tests by race revealed that self-control is a stronger predictor of marijuana and serious drug use among Native Americans. Beyond this simple comparison across groups, the authors control for native traditionalism (as a proxy for cultural variation) among the Native American respondents. In doing so, self-control remained a consistent predictor of their substance use. Although these findings largely support the invariance thesis of self-control, the racial difference related to marijuana and serious drug use poses a theoretical challenge. With regard to native traditionalism, results suggest that those most attached to their native traditions engage in greater substance use. (Appended are: (1) Descriptive Statistics; and (2) Unstandardized Ordinary Least Squares Coefficients, Standard Errors, and z Scores--Self-Control on Substance Use. Contains 2 notes and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A