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ERIC Number: EJ798029
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 30
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1087-0547
Injury among Stimulant-Treated Youth with ADHD
Marcus, Steven C.; Wan, George J.; Zhang, Huabin F.; Olfson, Mark
Journal of Attention Disorders, v12 n1 p64-69 2008
Objective: To assess risk factors for injury among children and adolescents treated with stimulants for ADHD. Method: An analysis was performed of pharmacy and service claims data from 2000-2003 California Medicaid (Medi-Cal) focusing on children and adolescents ages 6 to 17 years who initiated stimulant therapy for ADHD. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to examine associations of demographic and clinical characteristics with injury. Results: In a Cox proportional hazard model that controlled for background patient characteristics, patients ages 13 to 17 years, male gender, prescription of anxiolytic/hypnotic medications, and diagnosis of a mood disorder were each independently associated with increased risk of injury, whereas African American ancestry and other minority racial/ethnic ancestry were associated with lower risk. Youth with high stimulant medication possession ratios (MPR) had a nonsignificantly lower risk of injury as compared to those with a low stimulant MPR. Conclusion: These findings reveal several patient characteristics that may be associated with increased risk of injury among children and adolescents treated for ADHD. (Contains 2 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A