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ERIC Number: EJ797726
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-1937-6928
Restrictiveness and Race in Special Education: The Failure to Prevent or to Return
Cartledge, Gwendolyn
Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, v3 n1 p27-32 Mar 2005
Disproportionality in special education is a widespread problem for racial minorities, particularly for African and Native American students. Furthermore, special education placements for racial minority students tend to be highly restrictive and permanent. School personnel might approach this problem through a focus on prevention. That is, schools need to develop policies, programs, and goals designed to (1) prevent general education at-risk students from developing a disorder, (2) keep diagnosed students from moving to more restrictive environments, and (3) assist placed students to be transitioned into less and less restrictive settings. Interventions that address administrative procedures, educational programs, and teacher competence are needed to achieve these goals and avoid further jeopardizing the schooling of vulnerable students. These factors are discussed within the context of race. (Contains 1 footnote.)
Learning Disabilities Worldwide, Inc. P.O. Box 142, Weston, MA 02493. Tel: 781-890-5399; Fax: 781-890-0555; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A