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ERIC Number: EJ797523
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0731-9258
Modeling the Influence of Calculator Use and Teacher Effects on First Grade Students' Mathematics Achievement
Polly, Drew
Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, v27 n3 p245-263 Jul 2008
American students continue to struggle on measures of student achievement. This study employed Hierarchical Linear Modeling to estimate a two-level model and examine the influences of calculator use and teachers' instructional practices on student achievement in mathematics amongst first-grade students. The outcome variable was mathematics test scores from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS). The analysis indicated that students, who frequently use calculators, explain their approach to solving mathematics problems and write out algebraic expressions scored significant higher than their peers. Implications for further research are also shared. (Contains 3 tables and 2 figures.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327-1545. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1
Audience: Teachers; Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A