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ERIC Number: EJ797394
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-0194-3081
Meeting the Challenge of Gender Equity in Community College Athletics
Castaneda, Cindy; Katsinas, Stephen G.; Hardy, David E.
New Directions for Community Colleges, n142 p93-105 Sum 2008
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 state, "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance". This provision paved the way for student-initiated lawsuits claiming discrimination in the area of intercollegiate athletics and resulted in a great expansion in opportunities for women and girls to participate in athletics. Thirty-six years after the passage of Title IX, it seems reasonable to assess the status of gender equity in intercollegiate athletics. A substantial body of scholarly books and articles exists on the subject at four-year colleges and universities. Interestingly enough, little work explores two-year colleges. To address this deficiency, this chapter draws from a variety of sources. The authors' primary source is Castaneda's 2004 dissertation, which used data from the Equity and Athletic Disclosure Act (EADA) and the National Center for Education Statistics' Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) to analyze gender equity in three compliance areas critical for assessing Title IX: compliance and accommodation of student interest and ability, athletic financial assistance, and other program areas such as coaching and recruitment. To further illuminate gender equity issues, the 2005 Basic Classifications of Institutions of Higher Education from the Carnegie Foundation are used to highlight differences and similarities among and between types of community colleges. The chapter begins with a literature review, a description of Castaneda's methodology, and a presentation of data related to gender equity. It concludes with suggestions for improved policy and practice to promote better compliance with Title IX and more equitable community college athletic programs. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972