ERIC Number: EJ797332
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Study Task on the Neural Correlates of Source Encoding
Park, Heekyeong; Uncapher, Melina R.; Rugg, Michael D.
Learning & Memory, v15 n6 p417-425 Jun 2008
The present study investigated whether the neural correlates of source memory vary according to study task. Subjects studied visually presented words in one of two background contexts. In each test, subjects made old/new recognition and source memory judgments. In one study test cycle, study words were subjected to animacy judgments, whereas in another cycle the study task required syllable judgments. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was employed to contrast the neural activity elicited by study words that attracted accurate source judgments on the later memory test, as opposed to words for which source judgments were incorrect or for which source information was unavailable. In both tasks, relative to words for which source memory failed, study words that were later assigned to the correct source elicited enhanced activity in ventral extrastriate cortex. In addition to these common effects of subsequent source memory, additional effects were observed that were selective for each study task. The present findings add weight to the proposal that neural activity supporting successful episodic memory encoding is a reflection of both the online processing engaged by an episode as it is experienced, and the demands imposed by the later retrieval task.
Descriptors: Memory, Correlation, Neurology, Task Analysis, Syllables, Decision Making, Vocabulary, Brain, Diagnostic Tests, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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