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ERIC Number: EJ797226
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 68
ISSN: ISSN-0019-042X
Approaching the Acquisition of Japanese Conditional Markers from a Proposed Implicational Markedness Hierarchy
Solvang, Harry
International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (IRAL), v46 n1 p31-59 Apr 2008
The acquisition of Japanese conditionals is regarded as one of the most complicated items for foreign learners of Japanese to acquire. However, when it comes to account for this fact, there is no ready answer. By focusing on the acquisition of conditionals by Norwegian learners of Japanese, this study discusses whether modal constraints on the use of Japanese conditional markers can account for learners' difficulty and whether such difficulty can be systematically predicted by applying an implicational markedness relationship framework. In the course of the argument, a universal implicational markedness hierarchy for modal constraints on conditional markers is proposed. The hypothesis suggests that relative degrees of learning difficulty for the Norwegian learners will be determined by differences in degree of markedness between the native language and Japanese on the implicational hierarchy. Experimental results provide significant evidence to support that this is the case. (Contains 6 tables, 2 figures and 17 footnotes.)
Walter de Gruyter. P.O. Box 960, Herndon, VA 20172-0960. Tel: 800-208-8144; Tel: 703-661-1589; Fax: 703-661-1501; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A