ERIC Number: EJ797012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Frequency, Nature, and Effects of Naturally Occurring Appearance-Focused Social Comparisons
Leahey, Tricia M.; Crowther, Janis H.; Mickelson, Kristin D.
Behavior Therapy, v38 n2 p132-143 Jun 2007
This research examined the effects of naturally occurring appearance-focused social comparisons on women's affect, body satisfaction, and weight-related cognitions. During their daily activities, women reporting body dissatisfaction (n = 53) and women reporting body satisfaction (n = 34) recorded their reactions to comparison information. Body-dissatisfied women engaged in more comparisons and a greater proportion of upward comparisons than body-satisfied women. Upward comparisons were associated with an increase in negative affect, body dissatisfaction, and thoughts of exercising for both groups; however, body-dissatisfied women experienced a greater increase in thoughts of dieting following upward comparisons. The daily effects of comparison information on body-dissatisfied women were examined; upward comparisons were associated with increases in daily negative affect, body dissatisfaction, and weight-related cognitions.
Descriptors: Females, Adolescents, Interpersonal Attraction, Social Cognition, Body Weight, Self Concept, Comparative Analysis, Exercise
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A