ERIC Number: EJ796996
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Does Altering the Writing Instructions Influence Outcome Associated with Written Disclosure?
Sloan, Denise M.; Marx, Brian P.; Epstein, Eva M.; Lexington, Jennifer M.
Behavior Therapy, v38 n2 p155-168 Jun 2007
This study examined the effect of changing the instructional set for written disclosure on psychological and physical health reports among traumatized college students with current posttraumatic stress symptoms. Eighty-two participants were randomly assigned to one of three writing conditions that focused on emotional expression (EE), insight and cognitive assimilation, or to a control condition. Participants assigned to the EE condition reported significant improvements in psychological and physical health 1 month following the writing sessions relative to the other two conditions. The EE participants also reported and displayed significantly greater initial psychophysiological reactivity and subsequent habituation compared with the other two conditions. These findings suggest the importance of emphasizing emotional expression during written disclosure and underscore the importance of examining how modifying the written disclosure protocol can affect outcome.
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Well Being, Physical Health, Psychology, Writing Instruction, Self Disclosure (Individuals), College Students, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mental Health, Habituation, Outcomes of Treatment, Control Groups, Behavior Change
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A