ERIC Number: EJ796985
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Laboratory-Based Study of the Relationship between Childhood Abuse and Experiential Avoidance among Inner-City Substance Users: The Role of Emotional Nonacceptance
Gratz, Kim L.; Bornovalova, Marina A.; Delany-Brumsey, Ayesha; Nick, Bettina; Lejuez, C. W.
Behavior Therapy, v38 n3 p256-268 Sep 2007
Despite the theorized centrality of experiential avoidance in abuse-related psychopathology, empirical examinations of the relationship between childhood abuse and experiential avoidance remain limited. The present study adds to the extant literature on this relationship, providing a laboratory-based investigation of the relationships between childhood sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, experiential avoidance (indexed as unwillingness to persist on 2 psychologically distressing laboratory tasks), and self-reported emotional nonacceptance among a sample of 76 inner-city treatment-seeking substance users. As hypothesized, results provide evidence for heightened experiential avoidance and emotional nonacceptance among individuals with moderate-severe sexual, physical, and emotional abuse (compared to individuals reporting none-low abuse). However, although emotional nonacceptance was associated with increased risk for experiential avoidance, it mediated the relationship between childhood abuse and experiential avoidance only for emotional abuse. As such, results suggest that one mechanism through which emotional abuse in particular leads to experiential avoidance is emotional nonacceptance. Findings suggest the utility of interventions aimed at decreasing experiential avoidance and promoting emotional acceptance among abused individuals.
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Psychopathology, Urban Areas, Substance Abuse, Experience, Psychological Patterns, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Disturbances, Emotional Response
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A