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ERIC Number: EJ796949
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0346-251X
Reducing Foreign Language Communication Apprehension with Computer-Mediated Communication: A Preliminary Study
Arnold, Nike
System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, v35 n4 p469-486 Dec 2007
Many studies (e.g., [Beauvois, M.H., 1998. "E-talk: Computer-assisted classroom discussion--attitudes and motivation." In: Swaffar, J., Romano, S., Markley, P., Arens, K. (Eds.), "Language learning online: Theory and practice in the ESL and L2 computer classroom." Labyrinth Publications, Austin, TX, pp. 99-120; Bump, J., 1990. "Radical changes in class discussion using networked computers." "Computers and the Humanities" 24, 49-65; Kern, R.G., 1995. "Restructuring classroom interaction with networked computers: Effects on quantity and characteristics of language production." "Modern Language Journal" 79 (4), 457-476; Lee, L., 2002. "Enhancing learners' communication skills through synchronous electronic interaction and task-based instruction." "Foreign Language Annals" 35 (1), 16-23; Perez, L.C., 2003. "Foreign language productivity in synchronous versus asynchronous computer-mediated communication." "CALICO Journal" 21 (1), 89-104; Roed, J., 2003. "Language learner behaviour in a virtual environment." "Computer Assisted Language Learning" 16 (2-3), 155-172; Warschauer, M., 1996. "Comparing face-to-face and electronic discussion in the second language classroom." "CALICO Journal" 13 (2), 7-26]) indicate that computer-mediated communication (CMC) can lower foreign language learners' anxiety levels. This study investigates the relationship between CMC and communication apprehension by using the established definitions and instruments of foreign language anxiety research. During one semester, 56 students enrolled in third semester German participated in six group discussions. The control group (n = 12) completed the discussions face-to-face while the two experimental groups used synchronous (n = 21) or asynchronous CMC (n = 23). Data from pretest and posttest questionnaires show no significant difference in reduction of communication apprehension between the control and experimental groups. (Contains 4 figures and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A