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ERIC Number: EJ796895
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 7
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0005-7894
An Investigation of the Relationship between Cognitive Reactivity and Rumination
Moulds, Michelle L.; Kandris, Eva; Williams, Alishia D.; Lang, Tamara; Yap, Carol; Hoffmeister, Karolin
Behavior Therapy, v39 n1 p65-71 Mar 2008
Teasdale's (Teasdale, J.D. (1988). Cognitive vulnerability to persistent depression. "Cognition and Emotion," 2, 247-274) differential activation hypothesis refers to the ease with which maladaptive cognitive processes are triggered by mild dysphoria as "cognitive reactivity." Supporting this model is evidence of a differential association between sad mood and dysfunctional cognitions in formerly depressed and never-depressed individuals and the finding that cognitive reactivity predicts depression recurrence in remitted depressives. The Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R; Van der Does, A.J.W., Williams, J.M.G. (2003). Leiden Index of Depression Sensitivity-Revised (LEIDS-R). Retrieved September 4, 2007, from is a recently developed self-report measure that provides clinicians and researchers with a time-efficient means by which to assess cognitive reactivity. This study investigated the relationship between cognitive reactivity (indexed by the LEIDS-R) and depressive rumination in a nonclinical sample (N=324). As predicted, partial correlations between the LEIDS-R (subscale and Total scores) and the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS; Nolen-Hoeksema, S., and Morrow, J. (1991). A prospective study of depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms after a natural disaster: The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology," 61, 115-12) were significant after controlling for current depressive symptoms. A subsample of participants (n=130) was administered a structured interview to determine current and past depression diagnostic status. Recovered depressed individuals scored more highly on the LEIDS-R Total and LEIDS-R Rumination subscale; however, the groups did not differ on the remaining subscales. Regression analyses indicated that (across all participants) LEIDS-R Total made a unique contribution to the prediction of depression over and above trait level of depressive rumination. Overall, the LEIDS-R is a time-efficient self-report index of cognitive reactivity that demonstrates promise in distinguishing recovered and never-depressed individuals.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A