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ERIC Number: EJ796693
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0346-251X
Phantom Word Activation in L2
Broersma, Mirjam; Cutler, Anne
System: An International Journal of Educational Technology and Applied Linguistics, v36 n1 p22-34 Mar 2008
L2 listening can involve the phantom activation of words which are not actually in the input. All spoken-word recognition involves multiple concurrent activation of word candidates, with selection of the correct words achieved by a process of competition between them. L2 listening involves more such activation than L1 listening, and we report two studies illustrating this. First, in a lexical decision study, L2 listeners accepted (but L1 listeners did not accept) spoken non-words such as "groof" or "flide" as real English words. Second, a priming study demonstrated that the same spoken non-words made recognition of the real words "groove," "flight" easier for L2 (but not L1) listeners, suggesting that, for the L2 listeners only, these real words had been activated by the spoken non-word input. We propose that further understanding of the activation and competition process in L2 lexical processing could lead to new understanding of L2 listening difficulty. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A