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ERIC Number: EJ796579
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 11
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 103
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0013-189X
Who Is Given Tests in What Language by Whom, When, and Where? The Need for Probabilistic Views of Language in the Testing of English Language Learners
Solano-Flores, Guillermo
Educational Researcher, v37 n4 p189-199 2008
The testing of English language learners (ELLs) is, to a large extent, a random process because of poor implementation and factors that are uncertain or beyond control. Yet current testing practices and policies appear to be based on deterministic views of language and linguistic groups and erroneous assumptions about the capacity of assessment systems to serve ELLs. The question "Who is given tests in what language by whom, when, and where?" provides a conceptual framework for examining testing as a communication process between assessment systems and ELLs. Probabilistic approaches based on generalizability theory--a psychometric theory of measurement error--allow examination of the extent to which assessment systems' inability to effectively communicate with ELLs affects the dependability of academic achievement measures. (Contains 3 tables and 5 notes.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A