ERIC Number: EJ796497
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Rural and Non-Rural African American Youth: Does Context Matter in the Etiology of Problem Behaviors?
Vazsonyi, Alexander T.; Trejos-Castillo, Elizabeth; Young, Maureen A.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v37 n7 p798-811 Aug 2008
The current study provides new information on the etiology of adolescent problem behaviors in African American youth by testing the importance of known predictors, namely parenting measures (monitoring, support, and communication), peers, and neighborhood characteristics across rural and non-rural developmental contexts. More specifically, the study examined whether rural versus non-rural developmental contexts moderated the relationships between known predictors and a variety of problem behaviors (alcohol use, drug use, delinquency, and violence). Data were collected from N = 687 rural and N = 182 non-rural African American adolescents (mean age = 15.8 years). Findings indicate that both parenting constructs and peer deviance had significant effects on problem behaviors and that these effects were consistent across rural and non-rural developmental contexts. The study results are discussed in terms of their implications for ecological frameworks for testing problem behavior etiology.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Rural Areas, African Americans, Context Effect, Etiology, Behavior Problems, Predictor Variables, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Neighborhoods, Peer Influence, Family Influence, Adolescent Development, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, Delinquency, Violence, Antisocial Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A