ERIC Number: EJ796461
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Positive Illusory Bias: Do Inflated Self-Perceptions in Children with ADHD Generalize to Perceptions of Others?
Evangelista, Nicole M.; Owens, Julie S.; Golden, Catherine M.; Pelham, William E., Jr.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v36 n5 p779-791 Jul 2008
This study examined whether children with symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate positive illusory perceptions of their own competence and others' competence. Participants (67 children with ADHD symptoms; 40 non-ADHD children) completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children and rated actors' competence in videos clips where inconsistent cues of performance had to be integrated in order to determine the actors' competence. Teachers completed the Teacher Rating Scale of Child's Actual Behavior. Children with ADHD symptoms overestimated their own competence relative to teachers' estimates in all domains significantly more than non-ADHD children. There were no significant group differences in perceptions of others' competence. Findings suggest that positive illusions are exclusive to perceptions of self and do not extend to perceptions of others.
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Children, Self Concept, Childhood Attitudes, Competence, Teacher Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Perception Profile for Children