ERIC Number: EJ796457
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Friendships with Peers Who Are Low or High in Aggression as Moderators of the Link between Peer Victimization and Declines in Academic Functioning
Schwartz, David; Gorman, Andrea Hopmeyer; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Bates, John E.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v36 n5 p719-730 Jul 2008
This paper reports two prospective investigations of the role of friendship in the relation between peer victimization and grade point averages (GPA). Study 1 included 199 children (105 boys, 94 girls; mean age of 9.1 years) and Study 2 included 310 children (151 boys, 159 girls; mean age of 8.5 years). These children were followed for two school years. In both projects, we assessed aggression, victimization, and friendship with a peer nomination inventory, and we obtained children's GPAs from a review of school records. Peer victimization was associated with academic declines only when children had either a high number of friends who were above the classroom mean on aggression or a low number of friends who were below the classroom mean on aggression. These results highlight the importance of aggression levels among friends for the academic adjustment of victimized children.
Descriptors: Children, Peer Relationship, Friendship, Aggression, Victims of Crime, Grade Point Average, Academic Achievement
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A