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ERIC Number: EJ795280
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 37
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Examining Differences in the Levels of False Memories in Children and Adults Using Child-Normed Lists
Anastasi, Jeffrey S.; Rhodes, Matthew G.
Developmental Psychology, v44 n3 p889-894 May 2008
Several previous studies have demonstrated that children, when compared with adults, exhibit both lower levels of veridical memory and fewer intrusions when given semantically associated lists. However, researchers have drawn these conclusions using semantically associated word lists that were normed with adults, which may not lead to the same level of activation or gist generation in children. In the current study, the authors used similar associative word lists normed with children and then evaluated the memory of children and adults using these newly normed lists as well as the typical adult-normed lists. Results indicate that children showed lower true and false memories with both the child-normed and adult-normed lists. Thus, these data suggest that the negative relationship between age and false memories in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM; J. Deese, 1959; H. L. Roediger & K. B. McDermott, 1995) paradigm is not an artifact of the age group used to construct the lists. Appended are: (1) Twelve Child-Normed Lists Used in the Current Study in Descending Order of Associative Strength. (Contains 3 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona