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ERIC Number: EJ795189
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 33
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 77
ISSN: ISSN-1528-3534
Parent Choice versus Attendance Area Assignment to Schools: Does Magnet-Based School Choice Affect NAEP Scores?
Archbald, Douglas A.; Kaplan, David
International Journal of Educational Policy, Research, and Practice: Reconceptualizing Childhood Studies, v5 n1 p3-35 Spr 2004
Inter- and intra-district public school choice, vouchers, tuition tax credits and other forms of school choice have been advocated for decades, in large part on grounds that the market forces engendered will improve public education. There are many studies of school choice policies and programs and a large theoretical literature on school choice, but thus far no studies have used a large national sample and common metric to perform a multi-level, multi-district analysis of relationships between school choice policy and student achievement. This study links a national sample of NAEP student achievement data, with district level information on magnet-based school choice policy, and with demographic data from the U.S. Census. Using three-level hierarchical linear modeling we find substantial effects of school and district demographic variables on student achievement, but, after adjusting for multi-level demographic characteristics, we find only small differences in student achievement in school districts with magnet schools and school choice policies as compared with districts with attendance area based student assignment, and no magnet schools. NAEP achievement scores are marginally lower in the sample of students within districts reporting magnet schools and associated school choice policies. (Contains 8 tables and 19 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A