ERIC Number: EJ795179
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: 40
Higher Education Challenges in Developing Countries: The Case of Vietnam
Oliver, Diane E.
International Journal of Educational Policy, Research, and Practice: Reconceptualizing Childhood Studies, v5 n2 p3-18 Sum 2004
This review of literature was written in preparation for conducting a research study on the U.S. community college system as a potential model for developing countries, and using Vietnam as a specific case. It is divided into four sections: (a) a discussion of the purposes of higher education (HE), (b) an examination of problems faced by the HE systems in developing countries, (c) a description of Vietnam's HE context, and (d) perspectives concerning U.S. community colleges. The literature shows that problems experienced across developing countries are representative of those faced by higher education in Vietnam. Inadequate access, funding, teacher salaries and qualifications, pedagogical materials, facility conditions, institutional autonomy, and quality assurance mechanisms are all difficult issues that must be addressed. Recommendations are discussed as thematic concepts, including diversification, establishing links between industry and HE institutions, and providing access to adult learners.
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Higher Education, Community Colleges, Institutional Autonomy, Quality Control, Foreign Countries, Developing Nations, Role of Education, Context Effect, Access to Education, Educational Finance, Teacher Qualifications, Educational Resources, Educational Facilities, Educational Development, Enrollment Trends
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States; Vietnam