ERIC Number: EJ794680
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Social Cognitive Predictors of College Students' Academic Performance and Persistence: A Meta-Analytic Path Analysis
Brown, Steven D.; Tramayne, Selena; Hoxha, Denada; Telander, Kyle; Fan, Xiaoyan; Lent, Robert W.
Journal of Vocational Behavior, v72 n3 p298-308 Jun 2008
This study tested Social Cognitive Career Theory's (SCCT) academic performance model using a two-stage approach that combined meta-analytic and structural equation modeling methodologies. Unbiased correlations obtained from a previously published meta-analysis [Robbins, S. B., Lauver, K., Le, H., Davis, D., & Langley, R. (2004). Do psychosocial and study skill factors predict college outcomes? A meta-analysis. "Psychological Bulletin, 130", 261-288.] were used to create the input correlation matrices for subsequent path-analytic tests of the model, using both college GPA and retention as performance criteria. Results suggested that SCCT does an adequate to excellent job of modeling academic performance and persistence, but that model fit was better when general cognitive ability versus high school GPA was used to operationalize the ability/past performance variable. Results are discussed in terms of their fit with SCCT and their practical implications.
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Structural Equation Models, Persistence, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Path Analysis, Correlation, Study Skills, Cognitive Ability, Social Cognition, Higher Education, High Schools
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A