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ERIC Number: EJ794599
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 19
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 50
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0655
The Impact of Performance Level Misclassification on the Accuracy and Precision of Percent at Performance Level Measures
Betebenner, Damian W.; Shang, Yi; Xiang, Yun; Zhao, Yan; Yue, Xiaohui
Journal of Educational Measurement, v45 n2 p119-137 Sum 2008
No Child Left Behind (NCLB) performance mandates, embedded within state accountability systems, focus school AYP (adequate yearly progress) compliance squarely on the percentage of students at or above proficient. The singular importance of this quantity for decision-making purposes has initiated extensive research into percent proficient as a measure of school quality. In particular, technical discussions have scrutinized the impact of sampling, measurement, and other sources of error on percent proficient statistics. In this article, we challenge the received orthodoxy that measurement error associated with individual students' scores is inconsequential for aggregate percent proficient statistics. Synthesizing current classification accuracy research with techniques from randomized response designs, we establish results which specify the extent to which measurement error--manifest as performance level misclassifications--produces bias and increases error variability for percent at performance level statistics. The results have direct relevance for the design of coherent and fair accountability systems based upon assessment outcomes. (Contains 1 figure.)
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001