ERIC Number: EJ794578
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 29
The Role of Intentionality and Iconicity in Children's Developing Comprehension and Production of Cartographic Symbols
Myers, Lauren J.; Liben, Lynn S.
Child Development, v79 n3 p668-684 May-Jun 2008
The contribution of intentionality understanding to symbolic development was examined. Actors added colored dots to a map, displaying either symbolic or aesthetic intentions. In Study 1, most children (5-6 years) understood actors' intentions, but when asked which graphic would help find hidden objects, most selected the incorrect (aesthetic) one whose dot color matched referent color. On a similar task in Study 2, 5- and 6-year-olds systematically picked incorrectly, 9- and 10-year-olds picked correctly, and 7- and 8-year-olds showed mixed performance. When referent color matched "neither" symbolic nor aesthetic dot colors, children performed better overall, but only the oldest children universally selected the correct graphic and justified choices with intentionality. Results bear on theory of mind, symbolic understanding, and map understanding.
Descriptors: Intention, Cartography, Semiotics, Age Differences, Individual Development, Patterned Responses
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A