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ERIC Number: EJ794507
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-0892-4562
Fitness Testing of Students with Disabilities: Comparing and Modifying Fitness Tests to Provide Quality Assessments for All Students
Menear, Kristi Sayers; Sims, Sandra K.; Phillips, John
Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, v20 n3 p12-21 Jan-Feb 2007
Fitness testing is an important assessment tool used by physical educators for many purposes. Some states require fitness testing to monitor individual student progress throughout the school year. Some physical educators use it to monitor the effects of the physical education curriculum and to teach concepts such as goal setting and personal accountability. Therefore, if assessment is an important part of physical education programs, correct fitness testing procedures are critical to assuring proper assessment of all students, including students with disabilities. Including students with disabilities in fitness testing requires investigation into appropriate tests, acquisition of required testing equipment, organization of equipment and testing environment, management of an effective testing schedule, and sound pedagogy. When the multidisciplinary team foresees a need to modify the fitness testing environment, the fitness testing equipment, or the fitness tests that are given to the general physical education class to meet the needs of a student with a disability, then the modifications should be noted in the student's individual education plan (IEP) for physical education. When no modifications are needed to include a student with a disability in fitness testing, then the IEP should indicate such and the student should be fully included in fitness testing. It is sometimes helpful to use norm-referenced or criterion-referenced tests where students can assess their fitness levels compared to others or compared to healthy fitness zones. However, there are students with disabilities for whom the current commercially available fitness tests do not "fit." This article describes how all students can be assessed and given the opportunity to set realistic goals and work toward becoming healthier individuals by applying dynamic systems theory (DST) to fitness testing. DST has been used for several years to help professionals in the field of physical education understand motor development and motor skill acquisition. (Contains 7 tables and 9 figures.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A