ERIC Number: EJ794404
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Social Motives Underlying Antisocial Behavior across Middle School Grades
Juvonen, Jaana; Ho, Alice Y.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v37 n6 p747-756 Jul 2008
The goal of the study was to examine whether social motives (social mimicry, mutual attraction, and unreciprocated attraction) predict changes in antisocial behavior across middle school grades. The 2,003 initial participants (55% girls) were drawn from a larger longitudinal study of urban public school students: 44% Latino, 26% African-American, 10% Asian, 9% Caucasian, and 11% multiracial. Analyses of peer nominations and teacher-rated behavior included five waves of data between the fall of sixth grade and the spring of eighth grade (n = 1,260-1,347 for longitudinal analyses). Supporting the social mimicry hypothesis, students who associated peer-directed aggression with high social status in the beginning of middle school engaged in elevated levels of antisocial conduct during the second year in the new school. Additionally, unreciprocated attraction toward peers who bully others in the beginning of middle school was related to increased antisocial behavior in the last year of middle school. No support was obtained for the mutual attraction hypothesis. The findings provide insights about possible social motives underlying susceptibility to negative peer influence.
Descriptors: Social Status, Adolescents, Grade 8, Grade 6, Peer Influence, Aggression, Middle School Students, Social Influences, Behavior Change, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Problems, Urban Schools, Hispanic American Students, African American Students, Asian American Students, White Students, Racial Differences, Bullying, Peer Acceptance
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A