ERIC Number: EJ794343
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Three Universities in Georgia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan: The Struggle against Corruption and for Social Cohesion
Heyneman, Stephen P.
Prospects: Quarterly Review of Comparative Education, v37 n3 p305-318 Sep 2007
Universities may contribute to a nation's social cohesion through both direct and indirect means. In their syllabi they may include techniques necessary for understanding complex social problems. Faculty may model good behaviour in terms of listening and understanding points of view that may contradict their own. University administrators may illustrate ways to lead honourably, which can enhance the chances for achieving consensus with respect to future dilemmas. This project assessed typical areas of university tension, including academic freedom, equity of participation and academic honesty. Three different universities were chosen as sites for faculty interviews--a foreign private university in Kyrgyzstan, a flagship state university in Georgia, and a regional teacher training college recently upgraded to university status in Northeast Kazakhstan. Results suggest that the single most important arena wherein universities can influence social cohesion in these countries is the manner by which they address education corruption. The paper reproduces the statements of those faculty members who participate in corruption as well as those who refuse to participate. It concludes with some predictions about the future of the relationship of higher education to social cohesion.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Problems, Social Integration, Group Unity, Ethics, Academic Freedom, Universities, College Faculty, Interviews, Role of Education, Futures (of Society)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia Republic; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan