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ERIC Number: EJ794293
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-0744-8481
Normative Beliefs as Risk Factors for Involvement in Unhealthy Weight Control Behavior
Clemens, Holly; Thombs, Dennis; Olds, R. Scott; Gordon, Karen Lowry
Journal of American College Health, v56 n6 p635-641 May-Jun 2008
Objective: The authors' aim in this study was to determine, after adjustment for the effects of body mass index and socio-demographic measures, whether sex-specific weight control norms would have significant independent relationships with the weight control behavior of college women and men. Participants: The authors used an anonymous questionnaire to assess a sample of 470 college students, aged 18 to 26 years, attending either a 2- year community college or a 4-year public university. Methods: To calculate body mass index, the authors objectively measured the height and weight of each participant. They conducted separate discriminant function analyses for women and men. Results: The discriminant function analyses clearly indicated that weight control norms of same-sex, close friends were the best discriminators of involvement in weight control. Conclusions: The findings indicate that perceived peer norms may be important but overlooked risk factors for engaging in unhealthy weight control practices. The authors discuss the implications of these findings in the context of student health promotion. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A